Rather than thinking about which of your ideas are most specific or personal or which are more broad or universal, you might consider one of the following ways of organizing your ideas: The section on Methods of Development, below, offers more detail about some of these organizational patterns, along with some others. There are many different ways of organizing the same information, and often two or more different organizational patterns are combined to create a final outline of information. Read on to consider some of the ways that these strategies can help you in revision. However, if you begin very broadly, it might be effective to end your essay in a more specific, personal way. At some point does your essay explore a problem or suggest a solution? Are you trying to define something? And if you begin with a personal story, consider ending your essay by touching on the global impact and importance of your topic. Organizational Pattern Purpose Signal Words Definition Explains the meaning of new words or phrases. Organizational patterns are structures of relationship, usually in a professional organization, that help the organization achieve its goals. When a topic is best understood in terms of different segments of time, a chronological format works well. A sequential pattern of organization is similar to a chronological pattern, but arranges information according to a step-by-step sequence that describes a particular process. Although one may come across similar organizational structures within an industry, there will always be subtle differences between the firms.The main reason for adopting a structure is to outline a clear hierarchy of the different company positions. He/she could organize the information in one of the following two ways. A compare and contrast pattern arranges information according to how two or more things are similar to or different from one another (or both). The simplest form of this pattern is shown below. This pattern works well when a writer wishes to create a mental picture of something which has various parts distinguished by physical location. Notice that either format could be equally effective. Such as Circle Chain Y Whee Or you may reverse this sequence and describe effects first and then the cause or causes. “Organizational culture is the sum of values and rituals which serve as ‘glue’ to integrate the members of the organization.” — Richard Perrin Culture is a carrier of meaning. The organizational pattern is a process that assists in structuring and organizing your ideas, thoughts, speech as well as a presentation for optimal impact. Notice that a series of related smaller steps are grouped into one larger category. Using a sequential pattern, each main section of information represents a main step that one would follow in the actual process. Bordeaux Then he/she will show how the proposed solution - riding bikes - provides a beneficial alternative to driving. Compare and Contrast Pattern Example One While the table below explains the characteristics of the patterns and gives sample signals and Neither introduction is necessarily better. Again, notice that either method could work equally well. Describe the problem, followed by the solution. Topics involving geography, for example, are often best organized using a spatial pattern. For example, suppose a writer's stated purpose is to persuade his/her readers to ride bicycles as their primary form of transportation. She was shocked and angered when her daughter was diagnosed with asthma caused by air pollution. One way to arrange the information is to divide it into two main sections, one for the advantages and one for the disadvantages. You might already be familiar with some of these patterns because teachers will sometimes assign them as the purpose for writing an essay. Problem: Motorized Transportation | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Four-year. When one wishes to describe a process that follows a specific series of steps in a particular order, then, a sequential pattern works well. A variation of this organizational pattern involves dividing a topic into "past-present-future" or" before-during-after" segments. A bit confusing, I would guess. 9 Patterns of Organization study guide by jaylynnparson includes 9 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Material arranged chronologically is explained as it occurs in time. It’s important to emphasize here that patterns of organization or methods of developing content usually happen naturally as a consequence of the way the writer engages with and organizes information while writing. For example, suppose a writer wished to describe the forms of entertainment available to tourists visiting Seattle. Here’s an example article from the Center for Media Literacy (originally published in the journal Media & Values): “From Savers to Spenders: How Children Became a Consumer Market.” To encourage his readers to think about why and how children are being marketed to by advertisers, the author uses a historical chronology of how the spending habits of children changed over a number of decades. Suppose, for example, that a writer's stated purpose is to describe the advantages and disadvantages of attending a two-year college. This pattern is particularly effective when writing a persuasive document in which the writer advocates some action to solve a problem, because it demonstrates important relationships between variables. Chianti. The comparison-and-contrast method of development is particularly useful in extending a definition, or anywhere you need to show how a subject is like or unlike another subject. Notice how this pattern of organization aids the reader. 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