Testing HCYS helps to determine if you are at increased risk of a heart attack or stroke and to determine if you are folate-defi cient or B12-defi cient. hCG test - human chorionic gonadotrophin test and pregnancy Measurement of bilirubin, alkaline phosphate (to determine liver function) test, … A steroid hormone whose main role is to help prepare a woman’s body for pregnancy; it works in conjunction with several other female hormones. Test results generally help to identify dehydration or edema; and also to monitor certain chronic conditions, like high or low blood pressure. Related tests: Cardiac biomarkers. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. Bilirubin is an orange-yellow pigment found in bile. If you’re waiting for lab test results to come back or you’re trying to figure out what they mean, the process and all those medical terms and numbers can be confusing. Cold Agglutinins. Platelets (or thrombocytes) are very small cellular components of blood that help the clotting process by sticking to the lining of blood vessels. The levels of red blood cells in your blood. The test looks at several different enzymes and proteins, which are known to be higher or lower if the liver is damaged. Cobalamin. This test measures the amount of prostate specifi c antigen (PSA) in the blood. A protein produced primarily by cells in the prostate, a small gland that encircles the urethra in males and produces a fluid that makes up part of semen. This group of tests basically determine the number of chemicals in your blood and how well some of the organs function. T3 or free T3 (triiodothyronine) – to test for hyperthyroidism Many drugs may raise ALT levels by causing liver damage in a very small percentage of patients taking the drug. Keep in mind that it’s only occasionally appropriate to order blood tests for “screening.” A screening test means a person doesn’t have any … Since this is an ongoing process, there is usually a small but stable amount of urea nitrogen in the blood. Phosphorus testing is very important in people who are malnourished or who are being treated for ketoacidosis. However, the INR should not be used to evaluate PT for patients who are not on blood-thinning medications. Nitrogen, as ammonia, is produced in the liver when protein is broken into amino acids and metabolized. It is this dual action that may explain the role of Lp(a) in the promotion of cardiovascular disease. An ESR, or erythrocyte sedimentation rate, test measures the time it takes for red blood cells to descend to the bottom of a test tube. The more rapid they fall, the more likely it is that high levels of inflammation have occurred. Learn about glucose blood tests and how and why to do them. Globulins are found in plasma (the liquid component of blood) which include other clotting proteins. It is normally present in low levels in the blood. Tests and findings help healthcare practitioners study liver function. In men, FSH stimulates the testes to produce mature sperm and also promotes the production of androgen binding proteins. Granulocytes and macrophages protect against infection by surrounding and destroying invading bacteria and viruses, and lymphocytes aid in immune defense. BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) This test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in the blood. The nitrogen combines with other molecules in the liver to form the waste product urea. PTT is conducted to evaluate the function of all coagulation factors. Lab Tests Online AU offers education and unbiased information on Australian pathology tests to help patients better understand their health care. Measures the average weight of the molecule hemoglobin. Some healthcare practitioners may also order these tests on patients with existing heart or vascular disease, especially those who have normal or only mildly elevated lipids. It was developed as a tumor marker to screen for and to monitor prostate cancer. Estrone (E1) is the major estrogen after menopause. It also assesses the effectiveness of Warfarin therapy which slows down the clotting of the blood and is used to aid in preventing thrombosis. Dr. Steve Helschien shares his inspiration behindLevel 1 Diagnostics and the breakthrough ofLevel 1 Diagnostic testing. There are hundreds of different blood tests that can be performed in a lab, but the most common are performed routinely before and after surgery; these tests are … Find the meaning, history and popularity of given names from around the world. The INR is a calculation that adjusts for changes in the PT reagents and allows for results from different laboratories to be compared. Liver blood tests . Many blood tests don't require any special preparations. The hemoglobin count measures the ability of your red blood cells to carry oxygen. It is responsible, in part, for the clotting of blood. It is important to remember that some medications can affect the results of an LFT, making it inaccurate. A blood gas test is used to check the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood, and the balance of acid and alkali in your blood (the pH balance). The presence of excess uric acid can cause the condition called gout – an inflammation that occurs in joints when crystals derived from uric acid form in the joint fluid. It's usually drawn from a vein in your arm using a needle. A high white blood cell count may indicate an infection, or it may be caused by a specific type of disease. White blood cells, or Leukocytes are responsible for protecting the body from invasion by foreign substances such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. The test for BUN is performed as part of a routine comprehensive or basic metabolic panel. Last Updated 12 December, 2020. An electrolyte, a positively charged molecule that works with other electrolytes, such as sodium, chloride, and bicarbonate (total CO2) to help regulate the amount of fluid in the body, stimulate muscle contraction, and maintain a stable acid-base balance. Blood tests: Understanding the different kinds There seem to be scores of hard-to-pronounce, harder-to-remember blood tests that doctors seem to order every time you visit them. Your blood contains many chemicals, not just red and white blood cells.. Purines are chemicals that come from nucleic acids (DNA). Blood calcium is tested to screen for, diagnose, and monitor a range of conditions relating to the bones, heart, nerves, kidneys, and teeth. IU/L: international units per liter. The percentage of blood volume composed of red blood cells. TSH, or thyroid stimulating hormone, helps to regulate the function of your thyroid, which keeps your metabolism functioning properly. The body goes to great lengths to protect blood calcium levels, and will actually “steal” calcium from the body to maintain blood calcium levels, which leads to osteoporosis. Elevated levels may also be due to congestive heart failure, alcohol consumption, and use of many prescription and non-prescription drugs. Blood gases test. Too much sodium, however, can increase the chances of high blood pressure. Complement. Plasma serves as the medium of exchange for vital minerals such as sodium and potassium, thus helping maintain a proper balance in the body, which is critical to cell function. For example, a blood test can be used to: assess your general state of health; ... After the blood sample has been taken, it will be put into a bottle and labelled with your name and details. The A1c test evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood over the last 2 to 3 months. AST can also be ordered, either by itself or with other tests, for persons who might have been exposed to hepatitis viruses; those who drink alcohol; persons who have a history of liver disease in their family; or persons taking prescribed or other drugs that can occasionally damage the liver. When the liver is injured or obstructed, the GGT level rises. Short spikes can be expected in some instances, for example,when the immune system battles infection. The majority of white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, where they outnumber red blood cells by two to one. A normal platelet count is 150,000-300,000. Vitamin D is vital for the growth and health of bone. Although this is not always included in standard blood tests, testing for levels of vitamin D in the blood is also very important. The nitrogen combines with other molecules in the liver to form the waste product urea. Historically, it has been used to help diagnose and monitor a heart attack. To standardize results across the U.S. and the world, a World Health Organization (WHO) committee developed and recommended the use of the Internationalized Normalized Ratio (INR) with the PT test for patients who are receiving the blood-thinning medication warfarin (Coumadin). It can be measured with two different tests: the CRP test and the high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) test, each measuring different ranges of CRP levels in the blood. RBC (Red blood cell count) – The most recognizable component of whole blood, red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a complex protein that carries oxygen throughout the body. One of the most important minerals in your body, calcium is essential for the proper functioning of muscles, nerves, and the heart and is required in blood clotting and in formation of bones. When liver or muscle cells are injured, they release AST into the blood. While estrogen is one of the major female sex hormones, small amounts are found in males. Also known as Chem 7, BMP is one of the most common blood test abbreviations that you will encounter. Testosterone is a steroid hormone (androgen) produced by special endocrine tissue (the Leydig cells) in the male testes. Memory usage: 1984.01KB, Post-Surgery Low Blood Pressure: Causes and Treatments, 10 Reasons You See Blood in Cough in Morning, Understanding the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, A Detailed Guide to Use Apple Cider Vinegar for Varicose Veins. the description is the meaning and history write-up for the name; separate search terms with spaces; search for an exact phrase by surrounding it with double quotes. It is now believed that inflammation plays a major role in atheroslcerosis (the narrowing of blood vessels due to build-up of cholesterol and other lipids), which is often associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Elevated levels of PSA are associated with prostate cancer and benign prostate hypertrophy, but levels tend to increase in all men as they age. Plasma serves as the medium of exchange for vital minerals such as sodium and potassium, thus helping maintain a proper balance in the body, which is critical to cell function. Creatine is part of the cycle that produces energy needed to contract your muscles. A full blood count is a common blood test for general health, which can also provide information about a range of conditions. example: "lord of the rings" will match names from the novel 'The Lord of the Rings' this field understands simple boolean logic In combination with other tests, bilirubin tests are performed to assess liver status, liver disease, bile duct blockage, hemolytic anemia, or a liver-related metabolic problem. There are 11 common blood test abbreviations, understanding what they mean will help you further understand your blood test results. While interpreting blood tests are best left to a physician, it may be helpful to understand what the test is looking for, and what's considered a "normal" result. FSH levels are relatively constant in males after puberty. fL (femtoliter): fraction of one-millionth of a liter. In the body, Apolipoprotein (a) can interfere with the function of plasminogen (resulting in blood clot formation) and can help bind LDL molecules to artery walls (speeding up plaque formation and the narrowing and hardening of the arteries). Plus, find out why a person should keep their blood glucose levels within a healthy range. blood test definition: 1. a scientific examination of a person's blood to find out if they have any diseases or lack any…. In the body, phosphorus exists as a mineral; it is combined with oxygen to form a variety of phosphates (PO4). Continuous Glucose … Learn more. Phosphorus testing is used to help diagnose and evaluate the severity of conditions and diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract, interfering with the absorption of phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium. TSH is produced by the pituitary gland and is part of the body’s feedback system to maintain stable amounts of the thyroid hormones T4 and T3 in the blood. Coagulation Cascade. Normal clotting is still possible with a platelet count of 100,000. They are typically used to check if drugs exist in a persons system, if medications for a disease work, if there are any mineral imbalance within the body and if the organs are working appropriately. An enzyme found mostly in the heart and liver, and to a lesser extent in other muscles. The red cells are produced continuously in our bone marrow from stem cells at a rate of about 2-3 million cells per second. Blood tests have a wide range of uses and are one of the most common types of medical test. Insulin is vital for the transportation and storage of glucose at the cellular level; it helps regulate blood glucose levels and has a role in lipid metabolism. Only one percent is found in the blood, but the body works very hard at keeping these levels constant. Either BNP or NT-proBNP may be used to help diagnose heart failure and to grade the severity of that heart failure. This test checks for levels of urate to determine whether there are any abnormalities. At this time, a component of the RBCs, hemoglobin (the red-colored pigment of red blood cells that carries oxygen to tissues), breaks down into unconjugated bilirubin. The largest amount of magnesium is found in the bones (60%). Blood tests reports contain a vast amount of abbreviations that can be confusing. Also known as: Somatomedin C. Formal name: Insulinlike Growth Factor – 1. Manufactured in the bone marrow, red blood cells are continuously being produced and broken down. Blood Test Abbreviations Every time you have your blood test taken at a hospital, you receive a conclusion with the results of your test. Digested food breaks down into basic components such as glucose, a main source of energy for the body. Low iron levels can lead to anemia, in which the body does not have enough red blood cells. In general, blood tests should only be ordered for a reason, such as to evaluate a concerning symptom, to monitor a chronic disease, or to check for certain types of medication side-effect. Recent research has shown that platelets help fight infections by releasing proteins that kill invading bacteria and some other microorganisms. Increased serum uric acid levels are linked to obesity, high blood pressure, and distorted cholesterol levels, all of which are also associated with increased risk for heart disease. Reference ranges for blood tests are sets of values used by a health professional to interpret a set of medical test results from blood samples.Reference ranges for blood tests are studied within the field of clinical chemistry (also known as "clinical biochemistry", "chemical pathology" or "pure blood chemistry"), the area of … A small percent (about 1-4%) circulates as free testosterone. A natural hormone made by the pituitary gland in the brain. If potassium levels go too low or too high, your health may be in considerable danger: you are at risk for developing shock, respiratory failure, or heart rhythm disturbances. A public resource on pathology lab testing from the professionals who do the testing. Cold Autoantibodies. PSA exists in two forms in the blood: free (not bound) and complexed (bound to a protein). They live for approximately 120 days in the circulatory system and are eventually removed by the spleen. Vitamin D comes from two sources: endogenous, which is produced in the skin on exposure to sunlight, and exogenous, which is ingested in foods and supplements. This can produce damage to several organs, including the liver, heart, and pancreas. Blood tests are an important diagnostic tool for doctors looking to help you stay in your best health. The tests included in a thyroid panel measure the amount of thyroid hormones in your blood. Estrogen is a group of hormones primarily responsible for the development of female sex organs and secondary sex characteristics. Blood chemistry indicates hydration levels, whether or not an infection is present, and how well organ systems are … A calculated percentage of red blood cells in circulation, similar to a RBC, but measured in %. Contained within the tissues’ cells, LDH is released into the bloodstream when cells are damaged or destroyed. Recent studies have suggested that people who have elevated homocysteine levels have a much greater risk of heart attack or stroke than those with average levels. Because of this, the LDH test can be used as a general marker of injury to cells. It is thought that elevated Lp(a) levels can exacerbate other heart and vascular disease processes. In the hope of further clarifying what they mean, below are 8 other blood test abbreviations that you should know: The levels of white blood cells in your blood. Health care professionals use FBC, or full blood count, to get an overall picture of your health. An abnormal concentration can alter the function of neuromuscular tissue; for example, the heart muscle may lose its ability to contract. Vitamins B6, B12, and folate are necessary to metabolize homocysteine. Urate is a breakdown product of RNA and DNA, which is usually excreted out of the body through urine. Your doctor will let you know how to prepare for blood tests. A sulfur-containing amino acid that is normally present in very small amounts in all cells of the body. In healthy cells, homocysteine is quickly converted into other products. Magnesium is involved in more than 300 enzymatic reactions and therefore the systems in the body supported by having the right amount of magnesium present are many. Blood test abbreviations. This test measures the amount of urea nitrogen in the blood. Knowing what common blood test abbreviations mean will be useless if you don’t understand what the measurements mean. Platelets are made in the bone marrow and survive in the circulatory system for an average of 9–10 days before being removed from the body by the spleen. A DHEAS test may be ordered, along with other hormone tests, whenever excess (or more rarely deficient) androgen production is suspected and/or when your healthcare practitioner wants to evaluate your adrenal gland function. Identifies diseases and conditions caused by deficiencies and overproduction of growth hormone (GH), to evaluate pituitary function. A waste product produced in muscles from the breakdown of a compound called creatine. Elevated CPR, or C-Reactive Protein, levels indicate inflammation within the body. BUN tests are used to evaluate kidney function and monitor the effectiveness of dialysis and other treatments related to kidney disease or damage. Below is a table detailing some of the common measurements. A blood gas test is used to check the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in your blood, and the balance of acid and alkali in your blood (the pH balance). In the body, the clotting process involves a series of sequential chemical reactions called the coagulation cascade, in which coagulation or “clotting” factors are activated one after another and result in the formation of a clot. The chief protein constituent in plasma (the liquid component of whole blood), primarily made in the liver. A pH imbalance can be caused by: problems with your respiratory system, such as pneumonia or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) The hs-CRP test can more accurately detect lower concentrations of the protein (it is more sensitive) than the standard CRP test. High levels can be toxic, and low levels can cause you to feel fatigued and achy. Among the many chemicals that the BMP measures are: Smaller amounts are also in the kidneys, heart, and muscles. Magnesium supplementation should be considered when the following conditions are present: High blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, heart attack, endothelial dysfunction, diabetes mellitus,osteoporosis, migraine headaches, asthma, and arteriosclerosis. Part of the immune system, there are several types of white blood cells. Levels increase after exercise, but decrease with age. In women, normal levels of estradiol provide for proper ovulation, conception, and pregnancy, in addition to promoting healthy bone structure and regulating cholesterol levels. Listen Now, 2017 Copyright | All Rights Reserved | Level 1 Diagnostics | 791Alexandar Road Princeton, NJ 08540. Potassium is present in all body fluids, but mostly potassium is found within your cells. Both estradiol and progesterone help the pituitary control the amount of FSH produced. Kidneys, heart failure and to a lesser extent in other muscles sugar the body needs make... And to a RBC, but decrease with age resource on pathology lab testing from breakdown! In immune defense deficiencies and overproduction of growth hormone ( LH ) glucose! A broad screening test to evaluate your general health or an underlying serious blood test names and meanings. Million cells per second of potassium is found within your blood levels within a range... 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