Resilience and transformations, When most people think of urban resilience, it is generally in the context of response to sudden impacts, such as a hazard or disaster. As …, Climate activists share a common aspiration: to live on a planet that can sustain future generations. April 2015. 29 Box 1 The classic definition of sustainable development focuses on how to manage current resources in a way that guarantees the welfare of current and future generations, while resilience on the other hand addresses the capacity of a system to change in order to maintain the same identity (Table 1). Solutions Online is the primary venue of Solutions and the core forum for discussion about how to solve the world's mounting environmental, social, and economic challenges. Resilience Strategies along the Rural-Urban Transect. Resilience analyses can help us understand some of the true costs of sustainability (i.e., the cost of investing in redundancy and the cost of engaging in global cross-scale interactions). Planning for resilience empowers diverse stakeholders to evaluate plans, set strategic policies, and implement projects that will enable communities to adapt and thrive when faced with challenges. 0000005434 00000 n Urban resilience must do more than respond to sudden impacts, such as Typhoon Haiyan, which ravaged the Philippines in 2013. By integrating the economic and social benefits of resilience into projects, policies, and programs, we enable communities to transform existing systems and increase impactful outcomes in the face of dynamic challenges. While sustainable development is inherently normative and positive, this may not necessarily be true for the resilience concept. Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities: A Global Assessment. 0000001866 00000 n For example, numerous small scale transformations may be represented by urban planning targeting restoration of wetlands or forests, conservation of sand dunes, fresh water marshes, coral reefs, and mangroves throughout an urban landscape to provide cost-effective solutions to coastal protection instead of using conventional hard engineering solutions such as higher levees, sea walls, etc. Solution I: Resilience and sustainability complement each other where resilience is an important attribute of the system (non-normative) to meet the challenges of sustainable development (normative goal). Elmqvist T et al. redundancy, in governance and institutions at the local scale and at the global scale engaging in collaboration in systems of cities to create a framework that manages resource chains for sustainability through resilience. Mitigate and adapt to urban shocks and stresses. January 2015 But when analyzing general resilience of a nested system, transformation at lower scale levels are often necessary to maintain resilience on a larger scale. Natural and human-caused hazards constitute some of the acute “shocks” to which a community can be vulnerable. Resilience, governance and urban planning. Springer Open [online]2013 doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-7088-1_33, 2013). Solution IV: In urban planning, building resilience entails investing in multiple and alternative connections, i.e. They concluded that, by utilizing these technologies, the planning and response to disasters such as floods could be improved. As part of 100RC, resilience strategies and actions are emerging quickly across cities around the globe and are challenging existing urban planning practice and policy [], for example, by pursuing climate and environmental governance in their own right. Urban planning practitioners see insights from resilience thinking as providing a new language and metaphors for the dynamics of change and new tools and methods for analysis and synthesis.13 For example, it has often been pointed out that one of the basic tenets of resilience and systems thinking is that too strong an emphasis on efficiency (maximising outputs) can erode resilience through a deliberate reduction in redundancy, where the system may become brittle due to too few links among actors. Rather resiliency must incorporate persistence, recovery, and transformative capacities. Testing urban resilience strategies with pilot projects. However, if we go back to the definitions in Table 1, resilience clearly goes far beyond recovery from single disturbances, and rather represents a multidisciplinary concept that explores persistence, recovery, and the adaptive and transformative capacities of interlinked social and ecological systems and subsystems.11, At a first glance, building resilience seems counterintuitive to transitions, given the definition of transformability as the capacity to transform and become a different kind of system, to create a fundamentally new system when ecological, economic, or social structures make the existing system untenable. To better understand how wildfires are affecting real estate and land use, ULI’s Urban Resilience Cities can adapt to climate change through resilience strategies—for example, by designing urban spaces, transportation systems, and buildings that increase their capacity to adapt to heatwaves and recover from hazards such as droughts and floods, while maintaining essential functions (box and table). Additionally, Urban Policy measures that can be implemented to support the proposed Urban and Landscape design intervention are recommended. 0000012540 00000 n All content is under the Creative Commons-Share Alike license. Strategies for select risks discussed in the Returns on Resilience case study collection include the following: Hurricane and tropical storm: Installing impact-resistant glass can avoid exploding or imploding windows and doors during conditions of high winds and flying debris. 0000001752 00000 n embed resilience in cities’ processes, policies, and practices through creation of a citywide Resilience Strategy and hiring of a chief resilience officer, and build resilience into and deliver prioritized projects through support from 100RC and its partners in implementation. investing in redundancy in governance and institutions at the local scale. Strategies for Urban Resilience are essential to assess, prevent, prepare and respond to natural and human-made, sudden and slow-onset, expected and unexpected hazards with a systemic approach. Living in a constant storm has taught the Ivatans to face the storm. Also, from historical accounts, we learn that while there are some individual cities that have gone into precipitous decline or actually failed and disappeared (e.g., Mayan cities), our modern era experience is that contemporary individual cities are unlikely to collapse and disappear.1 Rather, they may enter a spiral of decline, becoming non-competitive and losing their position in regional, national, and even global systems of cities. Many of these lessons were drawn from pilot projects. As an alternative to resilience, resistance suggests social structures persist in the face of disasters or other threats (Chelleri, 2012). Collaborations across a global system of cities should provide a new framework to manage resource chains for sustainability through resilience. Sustainability Manage resources in a way that guarantees welfare and promotes equity of current and future generations, Resilience The capacity of a system to absorb disturbance and reorganize while undergoing change so as to still retain essentially the same function, structure, and feedbacks, and therefore identity (i.e., capacity to change in order to maintain the same identity), General resilience The resilience of a system to all kinds of shocks, including novel ones, Specified resilience The resilience “of what, to what”; resilience of some particular part of a system, related to a particular control variable, to one or more identified kinds of shocks, Transformation The capacity to transform the stability landscape itself in order to become a different kind of system, to create a fundamentally new system when ecological, economic, or social structures make the existing system untenable, Solution II: Urban resilience analyses need to focus on cities as parts of nested, multiple-scale systems rather than discrete localities. 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