In that case, these two flights can have different rises compared to each other. Our experts recommend keeping your stairs to a minimum of 750mm, though this can be pushed to 600mm in the case of loft conversions. The centre of the staircase should be no less than 1.9 metres from the ceiling. Thanks to our Connect service, we can recommend local specilists near you, while our in-house technicians consolidates everything into one concise package for your contractor to use during construction. You might look at stairs and not think much of them, but this home essential comes with a lot of rules and regulations - namely, building regulations. That said, each flight may have different individual rises on a staircase with a landing. And as such, handrails are an important part of any staircase design. Is there a dimension that the door opening needs to be from the top stair? The pitch of a domestic staircase (how steep it is) should be a maximum of 42 degrees. However, they will be very large if applying the following rule: “Twice the individual rise plus the going (2R +G) must be between 500mm and 700mm”. The Building Regulations Part K Protection from falling, collision and impact . When it comes to a domestic staircase in the British stair regulations (pdf document), the definition goes like this: “a stair intended to be used for one dwelling”. The Staircases Building Regulations cover the design of a staircase and is covered by BS5395: Part 1, BS5395 Part 3, & BS 5960 Part 5 and others British Standards. The only exception is when you build a staircase where a landing separates two sets of flights. Staircase Building Regulations. There must be a landing at the top and bottom of every staircase. In the UK, mainly due to cost, loft conversions tend to be a bit more of a popular choice rather than extensions. Your steps. Knowing what kind of headroom or winder you can use is very, very important. Loft Conversion Staircase Regulations Because the ceiling height in most lofts is lower than in other parts of the home, there are special rules regarding staircases and headroom. Staircase Building Regulations UK Staircases have the potential to be safety hazards if not designed properly. The space between any door opening and the staircase should be at least 400mm. That being said, you’ll need to remember to keep them functional, and that at some point you’ll probably need to move furniture up or down them. Landing at the top and bottom of every staircase should be level and flat, although those at ground level can have a gradient, as long as it doesn’t exceed 1:20. At Resi, we're able to bring everything you need under one roof. An individual rise must be between 150mm and 220mm, An individual going must be between 220mm and 300mm, All risers must be the same on a flight of stairs. Industry types like to speak in their own language, therefore the length of each step is called the ‘going’, while the height is the ‘rise’. This means that in a normal situation (where there is at least 2 meters of headroom) the run or length of the stairs will always be over 2.2 meters. If the staircase is only a secondary one and serves only one room though, it should be 60mm wide with a rise of 220mm and step length of no more than 145mm. Height handrail is required: The building regulations state that, handrail must be provided at the sides of flights where there is a drop of more than 600mm. The edges of steps, referred to as the lip or nosing, should be at least 16mm. Also referred to as an e-z winder, spinner, and various other names, the kite winder is a very useful tool for minimizing the space taken up by a staircase with a turn. Spiral staircase building regulations are slightly different. This set of technical drawings brings together the expertise of specialists like: your architect, structural engineer, and CCTV drainage surveyor. Protection from falling. The UK Building regulations require that a 100mm sphere should not be able to be passed through at any point on the staircase . When planning your stairs, remember these handrail rules…. The rule for all treads states “Twice the individual rise plus the going must be 500mm and 700mm” which can be a problem with 2 kit winder boxes. Nosings should protude at least 16mm from the riser face. When it comes to the width, there is no regulated minimum. Now let’s take a look at some of the most important details that will help us understand the specific circumstances a little bit better. For all buildings. Parana Pine Traditional openplan staircase with Riser Downstands. If the stair design complies with the Approved Documents then it is deemed to satisfy the Building Regulations. Part K of the building regulations requires that the rise, going, handrails, headroom, length and width of any stairs, ladders and ramps between levels are appropriate to afford reasonable safety to people gaining access to and moving about buildings. You do not need a handrail on the first two steps up. The landing must be wider than the width of the staircase. We believe the best way of meeting all of your project’s legal requirements is to go with a building regulations package. Explained: building regulations and staircases, Last updated Thursday 10th September 2020. In three storey houses (or three storeys plus basement), building regulations permits level 1 and level 2 layouts if you fit a suitable fire suppression system in the open area. A kite winder also has rules that must be adhered to. You can’t be catching people out with one step at 185mm and the next 230mm! The maximum pitch of a domestic staircase is 42° - and that’s all you need to know for pitch. If staircases are less than one meter wide they should have a handrail on at least one side. Sign up Handrails should be placed between 900mm and 1000mm above the highest point on the staircase steps. This edition covers protection from falling, collision and impact and includes designing staircases, ladders, ramps, guarding and vehicle barriers in and around all types of buildings. Staircases should have a maximum rise of 220mm and a … Building a staircase is often tough on its own, but UK building regulations make this task even harder. However the recommended minimal with should be between 800mm and 1000 mm, to allow not only to only climb that staircase with comfort but you can actually bring something up on it. For example could the landing on diagram 1.6 in the regulations have a door in one of the side walls opening away from the landing? Good news, though there are many rules surrounding staircases, there’s no strict minimum on the width your staircase can be. Opening for new stairs This would normally be formed by cutting away some of the existing ceiling joists between the existing habitable areas of the home and the loft-space. Retractable ladders or stairs are not normally acceptable. Siting of pedestrian guarding. Different Pest Control Methods – What are the benefits? Building Regulations for Staircases in England & Wales Please find some notes from Approved Document K of the Building Regulations 1992: Stairs, Ramps and Guards gives provisions for stairways in the design and building of stairways which form part of the structure and guidance on the aspects of geometry and guarding of stairs. Guidance for avoiding collision and impact is detailed in the positioning of doors and windows within a property, ensuring that no injuries occur due to occupants colliding with open windows, skylights, ducts etc., that large panes of glass are … We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. One of the main concerns of building regulations on stairs is the health and safety of those dwelling in a property. There are special concessions for lofts, where Space Saving Stairs (or Alternating Tread Stairs can be used). Luckily for us, these stair regulations for buildings are fairly straightforward for the most part, making the whole process at least a little bit easier. Loft conversion - To ensure adequate fire safety for the dwelling a new stair serving a new room(s) will be needed. Height handrail is required : The building regulations state that, handrail must be provided at the sides of flights where there is a drop of more than 600mm. Speak to a staircase installer or architect for more information about what type of staircase will best suit your property. Volume 1. Bear all of these regulations in mind when choosing what kind of staircase to install. UK building regulations stairs are no joke. We are proud to employ architects registered with the Architects Registration Board and were awarded the mark for The Mayor's Good Work Standard for fair pay & conditions, wellbeing, skills, progression, diversity and recruitment. In other words, you cannot have some risers at 200mm and others at 205mm. What's the deal with building regulations and outbuildings? However, in our experience, even the tallest home rarely goes over 14. Open rises, which are steps with a gap between them, should be constructed so that a 100mm sphere can’t fit through them. Staircases more than one meter must have handrails on both sides. UK staircase regulations There are three main building regulations that relate to staircases generally Part K, M & B. Domestic staircases shouldn’t be more than 36 steps long; another staircase must be installed separated by a landing if you need more length. Industry types like to speak in their own language, therefore the length of each step is … here. We can help! If the staircase is wider than 1000mm, call the Pear Stairs for assistance on 01938 553311. Arched staircases, which curve gently upwards are another popular domestic staircase option while spiral staircases are also popular for aesthetic appeal; If you need to save space, compact stairs can be a good option but it’s important to make sure that they comply with building regulations. The problem is, this will be greater than the maximum 700mm required by the building regulations. They either act like a turning point where the staircase changes directions (but still continues), or part of the floor at the end of the staircase. Each step on your staircase has to be the same height and length. Easy. Living up to subjective criteria is not easy always easy to comply but one has no choice, whenever it is necessary. Many thanks for your help. A 100mm diameter sphere cannot pass through any openings. Ideally, we would like to end up with a staircase that not only passes regulation but practical too. A straight staircase is the most common and practical option but you can go for winder staircases which have a 90 and 180-degree turn in them. In addition to this more specifically spiral and helical staircases fall under BS 5395 Part II. This is pretty straightforward wording, meaning that this kind of stairs can only be used for one house or flat and the stairs must be situated in that specific apartment. As these joists support the existing ceiling and restrain the pitched roof from spreading, replacement support should be provided. Gaps between the handrails should not be big enough to allow a 100mm sphere to pass through them. The building regulations require a protected fire escape route to external and your building control officer will want to ensure that there is a protected escape route from all habitable rooms, especially bedrooms. Registered in England Number: 12327535. our team are always on hand to answer your questions. The incorrect construction of a balustrade could delay a project being signed off, adding unnecessary costs and further delays to a project’s completion. Landings should be level; however, a ground floor landing can have a gradient of no more than 1:20. All the buildings handrail height should be between n 900mm and 1000mm. Accordingly, in normal circumstances, the acceptable stair width for apartment blocks would be as shown in Figure 2. You will also need a fire door between the ground and first floor. As for the length of your stairs, this is naturally dictated by the number of stairs you need, and their own height and width restrictions - more of this in a moment. The only exception is when you build a staircase where a landing separates two sets of flights. The distance between the spindles cannot be greater than 99mm. So if you’re looking at giving yours a makeover, or you want to build something bespoke, here’s what you need to know…. Landings must be clear of any permanent obstructions. In K1 section 1.21 Spiral and Helical stairs, the regulations refer you to a British Standard – BS5395-2:1984. Twice the individual rise plus the going must be between 500mm and 700m (2R +G) and will only create problems in extreme situations. If your spiral staircase complies with BS5395 then it also complies with K1 building regs. A stair with kite winders normally has a combination of straight treads and winder treads. The regulations indicate a landing the width of the stairs before the door but i am reading this as only for a door opening outwards on to the landing? Stairs riser - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Roof Tile Prices – How Much Do Roof Tiles Cost? The pitch or the angle of the stairs cannot exceed 42°. var id_conf = '68f79e6f435275e52eada043a12c0902'; When it comes to the headroom, regulations are once again pretty clear. This document is summarised in the table below with categories given for each spiral application and the relevant maximum riser heights and minimum widths. In that case, these two flights can have different rises compared to each other. Approved inspectors vs Local authority building control, Why you need an architect during building regulations, Get an indicative idea of your borrowing potential by answering the simple questions below, Phone: +44203 868 9453 | Email: advice@resi.co.uk, Resi Design Ltd. trading as 'Resi' | Company No: 10471125. These measurements will, of course, be in direct correlation with each other as well, which means that careful planning is always needed and not just because of the regulations. K1 Building regulations is the approved document which covers Stairs, Ladders and Ramps. And if you have any questions about this or any other part of the home improvement journey, our team are always on hand to answer your questions. Building regulations for access to and use of buildings in dwellings and buildings other than dwellings and provides a baseline for accessibility in the built environment. Door Painting & Varnishing Cost – What Is Involved? Building regulations stipulate that staircase steps should be level. Contemporary Chandeliers Design Ideas For Your Home. 3.1 Provide. It’s obviously ideal to have even more, but that is the bare minimum from a regulatory standpoint. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Need to find professional to build a staircase? June 30, 2019 Regulations, Stairs & Railings  Like. However, it’s important to make sure that your new staircase not only looks great, but that it’s also safe to use – that’s where stair regulations come in. The building regulations that apply to domestic stairs state th at, the position of the top of the handrail should be between 900mm and 1000mm from the pitch line or floor. The UK has the world’s strictest building regulations, which can seem both dense and complex to someone unfamiliar with these guidelines. guarding in all of … If you enjoyed this post, you might enjoy our Resi Newsletter, sent weekly via email. The top of the handrails cannot be higher than 1000mm from the staircase and ideally, it would fall between 900mm and 1000mm. If it acts as your main staircase (meaning it serves two or more rooms), a spiral staircase should be 800mm wide with a maximum rise of 220mm; the length of the steps should be at least 190mm. UK building regulations stairs are no joke. Make sure you are aware of Building Regulations requirements for staircases when thinking about your design. 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